Asthma (asthma) is a matter to be considered properly. Indeed, this is a chronic respiratory disease most common in children. The percentage of children with asthma has doubled in adults (10% vs. 5%). But, in fact, the diagnosis of asthma in children too when delayed, especially in children under 2 years old. This inevitably limits the effectiveness of treatment: children frequent seizures, hospitalization and even death.
What is asthma?
This is a chronic inflammatory disease of the airways. This inflammation makes the airways become very sensitive to various stimulants. When exposed to these irritants, the airways (bronchi mainly) will edema, spasms, filled with mucus so clogged that patients with a cough, wheezing, shortness of breath.
Asthma is a disease with familial, genetic and absolutely, not the spread of disease, infectious.
How to know if children with asthma?
Diagnosis is often easier when the child suffers from Coughing, chest heavy feeling, wheezing, dyspnea (shortness of breath, chest breathing pull, pull muscles in the neck, nostrils quivered,). However, it is not always easy to diagnose.
Children should be suspected when a child with asthma or recurrent multiple times (especially coughing at night), wheezing, difficulty breathing or appears worse when the child is exposed to triggers (when changing the weather, when they exercise or eating “hit” a certain food,). If as wheezing, shortness of breath is pretty typical hints, then cough recurring symptoms is quite special and often overlooked. Indeed, children with asthma sometimes only manifested by coughing fits at night (much as much as children cannot sleep) without other symptoms suggestive and daytime perfectly normal young . Some experts often call this “asthma coughs” – one can quite special and often overlooked disease.
In this case, the child should be taken to see a specialist for respiratory diagnostics can be suitable.
In children less than 2 years of age, should think of asthma as children with recurrent wheezing at least 3 times even if no one in the family with asthma, allergies.
How to diagnose when a child is not a fit or when the child has experienced an atypical?
Register respiratory measurement is an inexpensive testing method could help diagnose asthma when suspected asthma when the patient is not a fit or when atypical manifestations, is not clear, but some doctors called a “hen eyesore”. However, this is an exercise stress test requires the patient to know it is often difficult to cooperate done for children under 6 years old.
General measures how to care for children with asthma
Avoid can cause the onset of asthma:
– Do not leave pets (dogs, cats,) in the house, kill cockroaches
– No smoking in the home and in places near children
– Do not let the smell of the house.
– Avoid using sprays such as air fresheners, sprays mosquitoes, insects.
– Avoid incense smoke
Where children sleep: They should be cleaned and tidy, not carpeted. Regularly wash sheets and blankets in hot water, sundries. Not recommended for children playing stuffed animal or on where the children slept.
Using windows (open or closed) to maintain clean air and fresh
What to do when the baby is asthma?
Need to find early signs of an asthma attack that is coming: coughing, wheezing, chest tightness, shortness of breath, waking at night.
In this case if the guides were physicians, the need for children to use fast-acting reliever medications (or steam inhalant)
Despite good young children also need to rest for 1 hour
When to take the child to the emergency hospital?
Reliever medications do not work or only work short; children are still hard to breathe
Children must sit breath, stretched around the ribs and neck when breathing
Pale lips or fingertips: This is a very critical sign
Prevention of asthma in children:
Although asthma is a disease cannot be cured but can be controlled better. Prevention of asthma will help children to reduce asthma attacks or not, the child can live – learning – playing normally.
To prevent asthma should:
Stay away from the cause of the onset of asthma
Using long-term preventive medication
When to use long-term preventive medication?
When asthma is not well controlled
As children often has a seizure: 1 times per week (i.e., at least 4 episodes in 1 month), children with asthma woken on 2 times a month, when they have to cut asthma medication every day
When children hospitalized for severe asthma attacks
With 3 or more asthma attacks in the past year
In this case, must take the child to see a specialist doctor preventive medication guide properly.
The most effective preventive medication currently used anti-inflammatory drugs in the form of snuff is also very safe and not addictive. The duration of treatment must be long enough (usually several months) to be able to improve airway inflammation.
Need to comply with the guidance of a physician, follow-on time and never stop any medications even when they seemed better.